Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημιουργία πακέτων rpm, ζητήστε ένα πακέτο που δεν υπάρχει στη Mageia, την ενημέρωση μια εφαρμογής
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airmaik
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Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από airmaik » Κυρ Σεπ 22, 2013 21:52 pm

κατέβασα αυτό το πακέτο

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

wget  http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hello/hello-2.8.tar.gz
ελπίζω να είναι ένα απλό πακέτο!!!

πως δημιουργώ το αρχείο hello.spec?

με αυτήν την εντολή είναι σωστά?

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

rpmdev-newspec hello
διότι στον οδηγό της mageias δεν μπόρεσα να το βρω,ώστε να αρχίζω να το συμπληρώνω σύμφωνα με τον οδηγό

συμπλήρωσα κάποια στοιχεία μέσα στο hello.spec χωρίς να είμαι σίγουρος ότι είναι σωστά

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

Name:           hello
Version:        2.8
Release:        %mkrel 4
Summary:        The "Hello World" program from GNU

License:        GPLv2
URL:            http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/%{name}
Source0:        http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/%{name}/%{name}-%{version}.tar.gz

BuildRequires:  
Requires:       

%description


%prep
%setup -q


%build
%configure
make %{?_smp_mflags}


%install
rm -rf $RPM_BUILD_ROOT
%make_install


%files
%doc



%changelog
για τα υπόλοιπα δεν ξέρω πως τα συμπληρώνεις,που βρίσκεις τα στοιχεία εννοώ.
Mageia4 x86_64 xfce4
Intel Core i5-3570 CPU @ 3.40GHz ‖ RAM 7892 MiB ‖ ASRock Z77 Extreme4-M
nVidia GK104 [GeForce GTX 760] [10de:1187] {nvidia}
eth0: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 06)

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dglent
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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από dglent » Δευ Σεπ 23, 2013 06:12 am

Για να δημιουργήσεις το αρχείο σπεκ, απλά ανοίγεις τον κειμενογράφο και δημιουργείς ένα αρχείο. ( :? )

Ας πάρουμε μέχρι το section %description:
https://wiki.mageia.org/en/Packagers_RP ... _spec_file

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

Name:           gif2png
Version:        2.0.1
Release:        %mkrel 1
Summary:        Tools for converting websites from using GIFs to using PNGs 
Source0:        http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/gif2png/%{name}-%{version}.tar.bz2 
Source1:        %{name}-%{version}-mga-addon.tar.bz2 
Patch0:         gif2png-2.0.1-bugfix.patch
URL:            http://www.tuxedo.org/~esr/gif2png/ 
  
Group:          Applications/Multimedia 
License:        MIT-like 
Requires:       python 
  
%description
Name: Το όνομα του πακέτου
Version: Η έκδοση του πακέτου
Release: Η έκδοση κυκλοφορίας του πακέτου

Πχ το πακέτο hello θα έχεις
hello-2.8-1mgr3.x86_64.rpm

Name: hello
Version: 2.8
Release: %mkrel 1 το οποίο θα σου δώσει: 1mgr3

Αν προσθέσεις ένα patch, ή αλλάξεις κάτι στο spec αλλά δεν αλάξει η έκδοση του προγράμματος, το %mkrel 1 το κάνεις %mkrel 2 και ουτω καθ'εξής... είναι η έκδοση του πακέτου.

Summmary: Βάζεις μια σύντομη περιγραφή του προγράμματος, συνήθως αυτή που βρίσκεις στο readme του. Η περιγραφή αυτή φαίνεται στο rpmdrake, κατά την εγκατάσταση του πακέτου κλπ

Source0: Το όνομα του πηγαίου αρχείου με ολόκληρη τη διαδρομή (αν και η rpmbuild κοιτάει μόνο το τελευταίο στοιχείο που αναφέρεται στο αρχείο: %{name}-%{version}.tar.bz2)
Αν έχεις και δευτερο tarball/εικόνα/desktop file κλπ που θέλεις να προσθέσεις στο πακέτο, προσθέτεις ένα επιπλέον: Source1, Source2 .....

Patch0: Αν έχεις να προσυθέσεις κάποιο patch, αν έχεις ένα δεύτερο Patch1, Patch2 .... τα οποία τα τοποθετείς όπως και τα tarballs στον υποφάκελο SOURCES/

URL: η ιστοσελίδα του προγράμματος

Group: To γκρουπ που θα ταξινομηθεί στη βάση rpmdrake, για να διατηρείται ομοιογένεια, επέλεξε ένα από εδώ: https://wiki.mageia.org/en/RPM_groups_policy
Να μην ξεφεύγουμε από την πολιτική της Mageia

License: Η άδεια του προγράμματος
Εδώ είναι η λίστα με τις άδειες ώστε να την διατυπώσεις σωστά πχ GPLv2 και όχι GPL Version II
Δες στο short name
https://fedoraproject.org/wiki/Licensin ... =Licensing

Buildrequires: Τα απαράιτητα πακέτα για τη δημιουργία του πακέτου
Requires: Τα απαραίτητα πακέτα για να τρέξει το πρόγραμμα

Πχ: Αν πακετάρεις ένα πρόγραμμα για KDE, θα έχεις:

BuildRequires: kdelibs4-devel
Requires: task-kde4-minimal

%description; Η περιγραφή του προγράμματος
Μέγιστο μήκος γραμμής 79 χαρακτήρες, αν θέλεις το κείμενο να μην μορφοποιηθεί από την rpm αφήνεις ένα κενό στην αρχή της γραμμής

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airmaik
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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από airmaik » Δευ Σεπ 23, 2013 19:30 pm

ωραία έκανα την αρχή

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

Name:           hello
Version:        2.8
Release:        %mkrel 1
Summary:        Friendly greeting program 
Source0:        http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/%{name}-%{version}.tar.bz2 
Patch0:         hello-2.8.1-bugfix.patch
URL:            http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hello/ 
  
Group:          Education 
License:        GPLv2 
Requires:        
  
%description
απλά κόλλησα σε ένα δυο πράγματα

στο Requires εντάξει για το το kde το κατάλαβα για κάποια που δεν είναι τόσα προφανή π,χ τον smplayer ποια πακέτα έχει σαν
απαραίτητα για να τρέξει το πρόγραμμα,η για αυτό πού κάνουμε τώρα το πείραμα.

στο %description; στο hello τι θα έγραφες δηλαδή?

και για το Patch0 δεν το πολύ κατάλαβα έκανα ενα αρχειο με το όνομα hello-2.8.1-bugfix.patch και το έβαλα στον φάκελο SOURCES
Mageia4 x86_64 xfce4
Intel Core i5-3570 CPU @ 3.40GHz ‖ RAM 7892 MiB ‖ ASRock Z77 Extreme4-M
nVidia GK104 [GeForce GTX 760] [10de:1187] {nvidia}
eth0: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 06)

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dglent
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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από dglent » Τρί Σεπ 24, 2013 06:33 am

Requires: Αυτο είναι η δουλειά του πακεταριτζή. Πρέπει να δοκιμάσει το πρόγραμμα πως δουλεύει και το τι χρειάζεται για να δουλέψει σωστά. Συνήθως αυτό αναγράφεται στο αρχείο INSTALL ή README πχ: δες εδώ στα requirements https://github.com/dglent/mga3prepo/blob/master/README

%description από το README file του hello:

Hello prints a friendly greeting. It also serves as a sample GNU
package, showing practices that may be useful for GNU projects.
--

Αν το hello για παράδειγμα διαθέτει ένα desktop file για το menu, και περιέχει ένα στοιχείο μη συμβατό με τo freedesktop και τη Mageia, πχ να έχει main category Image ενώ έχουμε Graphics για αυτό: http://standards.freedesktop.org/menu-s ... t/apa.html
θα πρέπει να το αλλάξεις. Για να το αλλάξεις έχεις δυο τρόπους. Ή να το αναφέρεις σαν bug στο πρόγραμμα και να περιμένεις να το κάνουν Graphics και μετά να πακετάρεις το πρόγραμμα ή να το πατσάρεις (και καλό θα είναι την ίδια στιγμή να το αναφέρεις ώστε να διορθωθεί στο μέλλον και κάποια στιγμή να αφαιρέσεις το πατς).
Ο λόγος είναι ότι έχεις δικαίωμα να προσθέσεις ένα αρχείο που δεν υπάρχει στο πρόγραμμα, αλλά δεν έχεις το δικαίωμα να τροποποιήσεις ένα υπάρχον αρχείο του προγράμματος. Πρέπει να το κάνει το πατς κατά τη δημιουργία του πακέτου. Δεν μπορείς να αποσυμπιέσεις το αρχείο να κάνεις τροποποιήσεις και να το επανασυμπιέσεις και μετά να φτιάξεις το πακέτο. Το tarball πρέπει να είναι από τη μάνα του ανέπαφο.

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airmaik
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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από airmaik » Τρί Σεπ 24, 2013 22:36 pm

κάπου στο αρχείο install γράφει

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

     ./configure CC="gcc -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
                 CXX="g++ -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
                 CPP="gcc -E" CXXCPP="g++ -E"
άρα στο Requires βάζω gcc? αυτό είναι το απαραίτητο πακέτο που χρειάζεται για το hello?

αυτό το τελευταίο με το

http://standards.freedesktop.org/menu-s ... t/apa.html

δεν μπορώ να πω ότι το πολύ κατάλαβα αλλά θα το ξαναδιαβάσω.

μέχρι εδώ πιστεύω πάμε καλά στο αρχείο spec έχω

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

Name:           hello
Version:        2.8
Release:        %mkrel 1
Summary:        Friendly greeting program 
Source0:        http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/%{name}-%{version}.tar.bz2 
Patch0:         hello-2.8.1-bugfix.patch
URL:            http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hello/ 
  
Group:          Education 
License:        GPLv2 
Requires:       gcc 
  
%description
Hello prints a friendly greeting.  It also serves as a sample GNU
package, showing practices that may be useful for GNU projects.
τώρα μένουν τα

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

%prep 
%setup -q -a 1 
%patch -p1 
  
%build 
%configure 
%make
  
%install
rm -rf %{buildroot}
%makeinstall   
  
%files 
%defattr(0755,root,root) 
%doc README NEWS COPYING AUTHORS 
%{_mandir}/man1/gif2png.1*
%{_mandir}/man1/web2png.1*
%{_bindir}/gif2png 
%{_bindir}/web2png 
  
%changelog 
* Mon Nov 02 2010 Camille Begnis <camille@mageia.org> 2.0.1-1mga1
- Upgraded to 2.0.1 
Τελευταία επεξεργασία από το μέλος airmaik την Σάβ Σεπ 28, 2013 10:43 am, έχει επεξεργασθεί 2 φορές συνολικά.
Mageia4 x86_64 xfce4
Intel Core i5-3570 CPU @ 3.40GHz ‖ RAM 7892 MiB ‖ ASRock Z77 Extreme4-M
nVidia GK104 [GeForce GTX 760] [10de:1187] {nvidia}
eth0: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 06)

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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από dglent » Τετ Σεπ 25, 2013 06:19 am

Το gcc είναι ο compiler. Χρειάζεται μόνο για το compile το οποίο γίνεται κατά τη δημιουργία του πακέτου, άρα είναι BuildRequires και όxi Requires.

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airmaik
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Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από airmaik » Σάβ Σεπ 28, 2013 10:55 am

στο αρχείο README έχει αυτά

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

This is the README file for the GNU Hello distribution.
Hello prints a friendly greeting.  It also serves as a sample GNU
package, showing practices that may be useful for GNU projects.

  Copyright (C) 1992, 1993, 1995, 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, 2000, 2001,
  2002, 2004, 2005, 2006, 2010 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

  Copying and distribution of this file, with or without modification,
  are permitted in any medium without royalty provided the copyright
  notice and this notice are preserved.

See the files ./INSTALL* for building and installation instructions.

Primary distribution point: ftp://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/hello/
 automatic redirection: http://ftpmirror.gnu.org/hello
 list of mirrors for manual selection: http://www.gnu.org/prep/ftp.html

Home page: http://www.gnu.org/software/hello/

Mailing list: bug-hello@gnu.org
- please use this list for all discussion: bug reports, enhancements, etc.
- archived at: http://lists.gnu.org/pipermail/bug-hello
- anyone is welcome to join the list; to do so, visit
  http://lists.gnu.org/mailman/listinfo/bug-hello
- there is no corresponding newsgroup.

Bug reports:
 Please include enough information for the maintainers to reproduce the
 problem.  Generally speaking, that means:
- the contents of any input files necessary to reproduce the bug
  and command line invocations of the program(s) involved (crucial!).
- a description of the problem and any samples of the erroneous output.
- the version number of the program(s) involved (use --version).
- hardware, operating system, and compiler versions (uname -a).
- unusual options you gave to configure, if any (see config.status).
- anything else that you think would be helpful.

Patches are most welcome; if possible, please make them with diff -c and
include ChangeLog entries.

See README-dev for information on the development environment -- any
interested parties are welcome.  If you're a programmer and wish to
contribute, this should get you started.  If you're not a programmer,
your help in writing test cases, checking the documentation against the
implementation, translating the program strings to other languages,
etc., would still be very much appreciated.

The basic Hello algorithm was described by B.W. Kernighan and
D.M. Ritchie.  The GNU implementation is substantially more complex, in
order to be a canonical example of a GNU package.  Many people have
contributed; please see the ./AUTHORS and ./ChangeLog files.

GNU Hello is free software.  See the file COPYING for copying conditions.
και στο INSTALL

Κώδικας: Επιλογή όλων

Installation Instructions
*************************

Copyright (C) 1994-1996, 1999-2002, 2004-2012 Free Software Foundation,
Inc.

   Copying and distribution of this file, with or without modification,
are permitted in any medium without royalty provided the copyright
notice and this notice are preserved.  This file is offered as-is,
without warranty of any kind.

Basic Installation
==================

   Briefly, the shell commands `./configure; make; make install' should
configure, build, and install this package.  The following
more-detailed instructions are generic; see the `README' file for
instructions specific to this package.  Some packages provide this
`INSTALL' file but do not implement all of the features documented
below.  The lack of an optional feature in a given package is not
necessarily a bug.  More recommendations for GNU packages can be found
in *note Makefile Conventions: (standards)Makefile Conventions.

   The `configure' shell script attempts to guess correct values for
various system-dependent variables used during compilation.  It uses
those values to create a `Makefile' in each directory of the package.
It may also create one or more `.h' files containing system-dependent
definitions.  Finally, it creates a shell script `config.status' that
you can run in the future to recreate the current configuration, and a
file `config.log' containing compiler output (useful mainly for
debugging `configure').

   It can also use an optional file (typically called `config.cache'
and enabled with `--cache-file=config.cache' or simply `-C') that saves
the results of its tests to speed up reconfiguring.  Caching is
disabled by default to prevent problems with accidental use of stale
cache files.

   If you need to do unusual things to compile the package, please try
to figure out how `configure' could check whether to do them, and mail
diffs or instructions to the address given in the `README' so they can
be considered for the next release.  If you are using the cache, and at
some point `config.cache' contains results you don't want to keep, you
may remove or edit it.

   The file `configure.ac' (or `configure.in') is used to create
`configure' by a program called `autoconf'.  You need `configure.ac' if
you want to change it or regenerate `configure' using a newer version
of `autoconf'.

   The simplest way to compile this package is:

  1. `cd' to the directory containing the package's source code and type
     `./configure' to configure the package for your system.

     Running `configure' might take a while.  While running, it prints
     some messages telling which features it is checking for.

  2. Type `make' to compile the package.

  3. Optionally, type `make check' to run any self-tests that come with
     the package, generally using the just-built uninstalled binaries.

  4. Type `make install' to install the programs and any data files and
     documentation.  When installing into a prefix owned by root, it is
     recommended that the package be configured and built as a regular
     user, and only the `make install' phase executed with root
     privileges.

  5. Optionally, type `make installcheck' to repeat any self-tests, but
     this time using the binaries in their final installed location.
     This target does not install anything.  Running this target as a
     regular user, particularly if the prior `make install' required
     root privileges, verifies that the installation completed
     correctly.

  6. You can remove the program binaries and object files from the
     source code directory by typing `make clean'.  To also remove the
     files that `configure' created (so you can compile the package for
     a different kind of computer), type `make distclean'.  There is
     also a `make maintainer-clean' target, but that is intended mainly
     for the package's developers.  If you use it, you may have to get
     all sorts of other programs in order to regenerate files that came
     with the distribution.

  7. Often, you can also type `make uninstall' to remove the installed
     files again.  In practice, not all packages have tested that
     uninstallation works correctly, even though it is required by the
     GNU Coding Standards.

  8. Some packages, particularly those that use Automake, provide `make
     distcheck', which can by used by developers to test that all other
     targets like `make install' and `make uninstall' work correctly.
     This target is generally not run by end users.

Compilers and Options
=====================

   Some systems require unusual options for compilation or linking that
the `configure' script does not know about.  Run `./configure --help'
for details on some of the pertinent environment variables.

   You can give `configure' initial values for configuration parameters
by setting variables in the command line or in the environment.  Here
is an example:

     ./configure CC=c99 CFLAGS=-g LIBS=-lposix

   *Note Defining Variables::, for more details.

Compiling For Multiple Architectures
====================================

   You can compile the package for more than one kind of computer at the
same time, by placing the object files for each architecture in their
own directory.  To do this, you can use GNU `make'.  `cd' to the
directory where you want the object files and executables to go and run
the `configure' script.  `configure' automatically checks for the
source code in the directory that `configure' is in and in `..'.  This
is known as a "VPATH" build.

   With a non-GNU `make', it is safer to compile the package for one
architecture at a time in the source code directory.  After you have
installed the package for one architecture, use `make distclean' before
reconfiguring for another architecture.

   On MacOS X 10.5 and later systems, you can create libraries and
executables that work on multiple system types--known as "fat" or
"universal" binaries--by specifying multiple `-arch' options to the
compiler but only a single `-arch' option to the preprocessor.  Like
this:

     ./configure CC="gcc -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
                 CXX="g++ -arch i386 -arch x86_64 -arch ppc -arch ppc64" \
                 CPP="gcc -E" CXXCPP="g++ -E"

   This is not guaranteed to produce working output in all cases, you
may have to build one architecture at a time and combine the results
using the `lipo' tool if you have problems.

Installation Names
==================

   By default, `make install' installs the package's commands under
`/usr/local/bin', include files under `/usr/local/include', etc.  You
can specify an installation prefix other than `/usr/local' by giving
`configure' the option `--prefix=PREFIX', where PREFIX must be an
absolute file name.

   You can specify separate installation prefixes for
architecture-specific files and architecture-independent files.  If you
pass the option `--exec-prefix=PREFIX' to `configure', the package uses
PREFIX as the prefix for installing programs and libraries.
Documentation and other data files still use the regular prefix.

   In addition, if you use an unusual directory layout you can give
options like `--bindir=DIR' to specify different values for particular
kinds of files.  Run `configure --help' for a list of the directories
you can set and what kinds of files go in them.  In general, the
default for these options is expressed in terms of `${prefix}', so that
specifying just `--prefix' will affect all of the other directory
specifications that were not explicitly provided.

   The most portable way to affect installation locations is to pass the
correct locations to `configure'; however, many packages provide one or
both of the following shortcuts of passing variable assignments to the
`make install' command line to change installation locations without
having to reconfigure or recompile.

   The first method involves providing an override variable for each
affected directory.  For example, `make install
prefix=/alternate/directory' will choose an alternate location for all
directory configuration variables that were expressed in terms of
`${prefix}'.  Any directories that were specified during `configure',
but not in terms of `${prefix}', must each be overridden at install
time for the entire installation to be relocated.  The approach of
makefile variable overrides for each directory variable is required by
the GNU Coding Standards, and ideally causes no recompilation.
However, some platforms have known limitations with the semantics of
shared libraries that end up requiring recompilation when using this
method, particularly noticeable in packages that use GNU Libtool.

   The second method involves providing the `DESTDIR' variable.  For
example, `make install DESTDIR=/alternate/directory' will prepend
`/alternate/directory' before all installation names.  The approach of
`DESTDIR' overrides is not required by the GNU Coding Standards, and
does not work on platforms that have drive letters.  On the other hand,
it does better at avoiding recompilation issues, and works well even
when some directory options were not specified in terms of `${prefix}'
at `configure' time.

Optional Features
=================

   If the package supports it, you can cause programs to be installed
with an extra prefix or suffix on their names by giving `configure' the
option `--program-prefix=PREFIX' or `--program-suffix=SUFFIX'.

   Some packages pay attention to `--enable-FEATURE' options to
`configure', where FEATURE indicates an optional part of the package.
They may also pay attention to `--with-PACKAGE' options, where PACKAGE
is something like `gnu-as' or `x' (for the X Window System).  The
`README' should mention any `--enable-' and `--with-' options that the
package recognizes.

   For packages that use the X Window System, `configure' can usually
find the X include and library files automatically, but if it doesn't,
you can use the `configure' options `--x-includes=DIR' and
`--x-libraries=DIR' to specify their locations.

   Some packages offer the ability to configure how verbose the
execution of `make' will be.  For these packages, running `./configure
--enable-silent-rules' sets the default to minimal output, which can be
overridden with `make V=1'; while running `./configure
--disable-silent-rules' sets the default to verbose, which can be
overridden with `make V=0'.

Particular systems
==================

   On HP-UX, the default C compiler is not ANSI C compatible.  If GNU
CC is not installed, it is recommended to use the following options in
order to use an ANSI C compiler:

     ./configure CC="cc -Ae -D_XOPEN_SOURCE=500"

and if that doesn't work, install pre-built binaries of GCC for HP-UX.

   HP-UX `make' updates targets which have the same time stamps as
their prerequisites, which makes it generally unusable when shipped
generated files such as `configure' are involved.  Use GNU `make'
instead.

   On OSF/1 a.k.a. Tru64, some versions of the default C compiler cannot
parse its `<wchar.h>' header file.  The option `-nodtk' can be used as
a workaround.  If GNU CC is not installed, it is therefore recommended
to try

     ./configure CC="cc"

and if that doesn't work, try

     ./configure CC="cc -nodtk"

   On Solaris, don't put `/usr/ucb' early in your `PATH'.  This
directory contains several dysfunctional programs; working variants of
these programs are available in `/usr/bin'.  So, if you need `/usr/ucb'
in your `PATH', put it _after_ `/usr/bin'.

   On Haiku, software installed for all users goes in `/boot/common',
not `/usr/local'.  It is recommended to use the following options:

     ./configure --prefix=/boot/common

Specifying the System Type
==========================

   There may be some features `configure' cannot figure out
automatically, but needs to determine by the type of machine the package
will run on.  Usually, assuming the package is built to be run on the
_same_ architectures, `configure' can figure that out, but if it prints
a message saying it cannot guess the machine type, give it the
`--build=TYPE' option.  TYPE can either be a short name for the system
type, such as `sun4', or a canonical name which has the form:

     CPU-COMPANY-SYSTEM

where SYSTEM can have one of these forms:

     OS
     KERNEL-OS

   See the file `config.sub' for the possible values of each field.  If
`config.sub' isn't included in this package, then this package doesn't
need to know the machine type.

   If you are _building_ compiler tools for cross-compiling, you should
use the option `--target=TYPE' to select the type of system they will
produce code for.

   If you want to _use_ a cross compiler, that generates code for a
platform different from the build platform, you should specify the
"host" platform (i.e., that on which the generated programs will
eventually be run) with `--host=TYPE'.

Sharing Defaults
================

   If you want to set default values for `configure' scripts to share,
you can create a site shell script called `config.site' that gives
default values for variables like `CC', `cache_file', and `prefix'.
`configure' looks for `PREFIX/share/config.site' if it exists, then
`PREFIX/etc/config.site' if it exists.  Or, you can set the
`CONFIG_SITE' environment variable to the location of the site script.
A warning: not all `configure' scripts look for a site script.

Defining Variables
==================

   Variables not defined in a site shell script can be set in the
environment passed to `configure'.  However, some packages may run
configure again during the build, and the customized values of these
variables may be lost.  In order to avoid this problem, you should set
them in the `configure' command line, using `VAR=value'.  For example:

     ./configure CC=/usr/local2/bin/gcc

causes the specified `gcc' to be used as the C compiler (unless it is
overridden in the site shell script).

Unfortunately, this technique does not work for `CONFIG_SHELL' due to
an Autoconf limitation.  Until the limitation is lifted, you can use
this workaround:

     CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash ./configure CONFIG_SHELL=/bin/bash

`configure' Invocation
======================

   `configure' recognizes the following options to control how it
operates.

`--help'
`-h'
     Print a summary of all of the options to `configure', and exit.

`--help=short'
`--help=recursive'
     Print a summary of the options unique to this package's
     `configure', and exit.  The `short' variant lists options used
     only in the top level, while the `recursive' variant lists options
     also present in any nested packages.

`--version'
`-V'
     Print the version of Autoconf used to generate the `configure'
     script, and exit.

`--cache-file=FILE'
     Enable the cache: use and save the results of the tests in FILE,
     traditionally `config.cache'.  FILE defaults to `/dev/null' to
     disable caching.

`--config-cache'
`-C'
     Alias for `--cache-file=config.cache'.

`--quiet'
`--silent'
`-q'
     Do not print messages saying which checks are being made.  To
     suppress all normal output, redirect it to `/dev/null' (any error
     messages will still be shown).

`--srcdir=DIR'
     Look for the package's source code in directory DIR.  Usually
     `configure' can determine that directory automatically.

`--prefix=DIR'
     Use DIR as the installation prefix.  *note Installation Names::
     for more details, including other options available for fine-tuning
     the installation locations.

`--no-create'
`-n'
     Run the configure checks, but stop before creating any output
     files.

`configure' also accepts some other, not widely useful, options.  Run
`configure --help' for more details.
Mageia4 x86_64 xfce4
Intel Core i5-3570 CPU @ 3.40GHz ‖ RAM 7892 MiB ‖ ASRock Z77 Extreme4-M
nVidia GK104 [GeForce GTX 760] [10de:1187] {nvidia}
eth0: Realtek RTL8111/8168/8411 PCI Express Gigabit Ethernet Controller [10ec:8168] (rev 06)

Άβαταρ μέλους
dglent
Δημοσιεύσεις: 898
Εγγραφή: Τετ Ιουν 01, 2011 05:42 am
Τοποθεσία: Γαλλία

Re: Δημιουργία πακέτου rpm

Δημοσίευση από dglent » Σάβ Σεπ 28, 2013 17:22 pm

Μετά πας στο section %prep για να προετοιμάσει το tarball (αποσυμπίεση, εφαρμογή, patches), κάνει και άλλα αλλά δεν τα γνωρίζω όλα αυτά είναι τα βασικά
https://wiki.mageia.org/en/Packagers_RP ... ep_section

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